Scholarly Communication Technology Catalogue
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Category: Standard

Description: Formally recognised information standard, or profile of a technology - e.g. a profile of a standard or protocol to constrain it to a particular use case or domain

Technologies in this category
Name Adoption Readiness Status Governance Business Form
Counter COUNTER provides the standard that enables the knowledge community to count the use of electronic resources. Known as the Code of Practice, the standard ensures vendors and publishers can provide their library customers with consistent, credible and comparable usage data.
Significant TR9 Actively Maintained Community (formal) Non-profit Organisation
JATS JATS is an application of NISO Z39.96-2019, which defines a set of XML elements and attributes for tagging journal articles and describes three article models.
Significant TR9 Actively Maintained Not Classified Non-profit Organisation
Linked Data Notifications Linked Data Notifications is a general purpose notification protocol whereby any resource can advertise an inbox to which notifications pertaining to that resource can be posted.
Limited TR9 Actively Maintained Community (formal) Fiscal Sponsorship (Non-profit Organisation)
OAI-PMH The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) is a low-barrier mechanism for repository interoperability.
Significant TR9 Actively Maintained Community (formal) Fiscal Sponsorship (Academic Institution)
Solid Solid is a set of modular specifications, which build on, and extend the founding technology of the world wide web (HTTP, REST, HTML). They are 100% backwards compatible with the existing web. Each spec, taken in isolation, provides extra features to an existing system. However, when used in combination, they enable exciting new possibilities for web sites and applications.
Limited TR3 Actively Maintained Not Classified Commercial Vendor
SWORD SWORD (Simple Web-service Offering Repository Deposit) is a lightweight protocol for depositing content from one location to another. SWORD is a profile of the Atom Publishing Protocol.
Limited TR9 Actively Maintained Community (ad-hoc) Not Classified
Memento Memento is a standard protocol (IETF RFC 7089) to connect the present representation of a web resource with past representations of that resource. "With Memento, you are able to access a version of a Web resource as it existed at some date in the past, by entering that resource's HTTP address in your browser like you always do, and by specifying the desired date in a browser plug-in." (from
Significant TR9 Actively Maintained Non-profit organisation Non-profit Organisation
Signposting Signposting is an approach to make the scholarly web more friendly to machines. It uses Typed Links as a means to clarify patterns that occur repeatedly in scholarly portals. For resources of any media type, these typed links are provided in HTTP Link headers. For HTML resources, they may additionally be provided in HTML link elements. (from
Significant TR9 Actively Maintained Community (ad-hoc) Volunteer Community
ResourceSync ResourceSync is a specification based on Sitemaps that can be used by repository managers to provide information that allows third-party systems to remain in sync with the resources in their repository as they evolve, i.e. are created, updated, deleted. Whereas basic Sitemaps allow exposing a repository inventory and crawl-related metadata, ResourceSync adds ways to expose changes only, and to provide expressive synchronization-related metadata as well as typed links for further discovery. ResourceSync can be used for discovery and synchronization of both content and metadata and uses the Sitemaps XML format.
Limited TR9 Actively Maintained Community (formal) Fiscal Sponsorship (Non-profit Organisation)